A Study of The Relationship Between The Components of The Five-Factor Model of Personality and The Occurrence of Occupational Accidents in Industry Workers

Ehsanollah Habibi, Azim Karimi, Habibollah Dehghan Shahreza, Behzad Mahaki, Abolghasem Nouri


Accidents are among the most important problems of both the developed and the developing countries. Individual factors and personality traits are the primary causes of human errors and contribute to accidents. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between the components of the five-factor model of personality and the occurrence of occupational accidents in industrial workers.
The independent T-test indicated that there is a meaningful relationship between the personality traits and accident proneness. In the two groups of industry workers injured in occupational accidents and industry workers without any occupational accidents, there is a significant relationship between personality traits, neuroticism (p=0.001), openness to experience (p=0.001), extraversion (p=0.024) and conscientiousness (p=0.021). Nonetheless, concerning the personality trait of agreeableness (p = 0.09), the group of workers with accidents did not differ significantly from the workers without any accidents.
The results showed that there is a direct and significant relationship between accident proneness and the personality traits of neuroticism and openness to experience. Furthermore, there is a meaningful but inverse correlation between accident proneness and the personality traits of extraversion and conscientiousness, while there was no relationship between accident proneness and the personality trait of agreeableness.


Personality Traits, Safety, Occupational Accidents

Full Text:



Snashall D., Occupational health in the construction industry. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 2005; 31(s2):5-10.

Jackson R.E., Individual differences in distance perception. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 2009; 276(1662): 1665-69, (DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0004).

SHAFIYAN, S., An epidemiological study of work related mortality refered to Tehran legal medcine organization (2002-2003). 2006;12(1): 30-34.

Chau N, Gauchard GC, Dehaene D, Benamghar L, Touron C, Perrin PP, Mur JM.Contributions of occupational hazards and human factors in occupational injuries and their associations with job, age and type of injuries in railway workers. International archives of occupational and environmental health, 2007; 80(6):517-25.

Liu T, Zhong M, Xing J. Industrial accidents: challenges for China’s economic and social development. Safety Science, 2005;43(8):503-22.

Partanen T.J, Loría-Bolaños R, Wesseling C, Castillo C, Johansson KM., Perspectives for workplace health promotion in Latin America and the Caribbean. International journal of occupational and environmental health, 2005;11(3): 313-21.

Azadeh, A., MphammadFam I, Nouri M., Azadeh MA., Integrated health, safety, environment and ergonomics management system (HSE-MS): an efficient substitution for conventional HSE-MS, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 2008. 67(6): 403-11.

Ghamari, F., MohammadFam I, Mohammadbeigi A, Ebrahimi H, Khodayari M., Determination of Effective Risk Factors in Incidence of Occupational Accidents in One of the Large Metal Industries, Arak (2005-2007). Iran Occupational Health, 2013; 9(4): 89-96.

Azadeh A., Nouri J, Mohammad Fam I., The impacts of macroergonomics on environmental protection and human performance in power plants, Iranian journal of environmental sciences engineering, 2005; 2(1): 60-66

Burke M.J, Sarpy SA, Smith-Crowe K, Chan-Seafin S. et.al., Relative effectiveness of worker safety and health training methods. American Journal of Public Health, 2006; 96(2): 315-24.

Arthur W, Graziano W.G., The five‐factor model, conscientiousness, and driving accident involvement. Journal of personality, 1996; 64(3): 593-18.

Cellar DF, Zachary CN, Candice M Y, Cara B., The five‐factor model and safety in the workplace: Investigating the relationships between personality and accident involvement. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the community, 2001; 22(1): 43-52.

. Schwebel DC, Severson J, Ball KK, Rizzo M., Individual difference factors in risky driving: The roles of anger/hostility, conscientiousness, and sensation-seeking, Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2006; 38(4): 801-10.

Wallace JC, Vodanovich SJ., Workplace safety performance: Conscientiousness, cognitive failure, and their interaction, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2003; 8(4):16.

Chauvin B, Hermand D, Mullet E., Risk perception and personality facets, Risk analysis, 2007; 27(1):171-85.

McMeen GR, Templeton S., Improving the meaningfulness of interactive dialogue in computer courseware. in Interactive video, vol. 1. 1989. Educational Technology Publications, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA.

Arthur Jr W, Doverspike D. Predicting motor vehicle crash involvement from a personality measure and a driving knowledge test, Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 2001; 22(1): 35-42.

Barling J, Kelloway EK, Iverson RD., Accidental outcomes: Attitudinal consequences of workplace injuries, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2003; 8(1): 74-85.

Barrick MR, Mount MK., The Big Five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis, journal of personnel psychology, 1991;44(1):1-26

Broadbent DE, Cooper PF, FitzGerald P, Parkes KR., The cognitive failures questionnaire (CFQ) and its correlates, British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1982; 21(pt1):1-16.

Yan E., The impacts of objective and subjective caregiving stressors on caregiver mental health: a six-month prospective study of caregivers of older Chinese people with dementia. in Abstract Book of the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology. 2010. The Australian Psychological Society Ltd.

McCrae RR, Costa PT., Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers, Journal of personality and social psychology, 1987; 52(1):81-90.

Costa PT, McCrae RR., chapter 9: The revised neo personality inventory (neo-pi-r), The SAGE handbook of personality theory and assessment, 2008. 2:p. 179-198, SAGE publications Ltd. London, UK.

McCrae RR, Costa PT., Comparison of EPI and psychoticism scales with measures of the five-factor model of personality, Personality and individual Differences, 1985; 6(5):587-97.

Clarke S., Contrasting perceptual, attitudinal and dispositional approaches to accident involvement in the workplace, Safety Science, 2006; 44(6): 537-50.

Tomás JM, Melia JL, Oliver A., A cross-validation of a structural equation model of accidents: organizational and psychological variables as predictors of work safety, Work & Stress, 1999; 13(1): 49-58.

Mahmoudi S, Mohammad Fam I, Afsartala B, Alimohammadzadeh S., Evaluation of relationship between the rate of unsafe behaviors and personality trait Case study: construction project in a car manufacturing company, Journal of Health and Safety at Work, 2014. 3(4):51-58.

Haghshenas H, Moghaddam A, Asadi Moghaddam A., Application of Social Desirability Scale in Association with NEO Test for Personnel Selection, Iranian journal of psychaitry and clinical psychology, 2005; 11(1):52-61.

Clarke Sو Robertson I, A meta‐analytic review of the Big Five personality factors and accident involvement in occupational and non‐occupational settingsو Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 2005; 78(3):355-76.

Roberti JW., A review of behavioral and biological correlates of sensation seeking, Journal of research in personality, 2004;38(3):256-79.

Liao H, Arvey RD, Butler RJ., Correlates of work injury frequency and duration among firefighters. Journal of occupational health psychology, 2001; 6(3): 229-42.

Šucha M, Seitl M., The Role of Personality Qualities in Driving, Transactions on Transport Sciences, 2011; 4(4):225-32.

. Sümer N, Lajunen T, Özkan T., big five personality tralts as the distal predictors of road accident, Traffic and transport psychology: Theory and application, International Conference of Traffic and Transport Psychology, Turkey,2005: p. 215-27.

Smith D, Kirkham R., Relationship between some personality characteristics and driving record, British Journal of Social Psychology, 1981;20(4):229-31.

Kim CW, McInerney ML., Alexander RP., Job Satisfaction as Related to Safe Performance: A Case for a Manufacturing Firm. the coastal business journal,2002;1(1):63-71

Kpanake L, Chauvin B, Mullet E., Societal risk perception among African villagers without access to the media, Risk analysis, 2008; 28(1):193-02.

Habibi E, Dehghan H, Dehkordy SE, Maracy MR., Evaluation of the effect of noise on the rate of errors and speed of work by the ergonomic test of two-hand co-ordination. International journal of preventive medicine, 2013; 4(5):538-45.

Dehghan H, Habibi E, Habibi P, Maracy MR., Validation of a questionnaire for heat strain evaluation in women workers, International journal of preventive medicine, 2013: 4(6): 631-40.

Dehghan H, Habibi E, Khidarahmi B, Yousefi HA, Hasanzadeh A.,The relationship between observational–perceptual heat strain evaluation method and environmental/physiological indices in warm workplace, Pakistan Journal of medical sciences, 2013: 29(S1):358-62

Habibi E, Kazemi M, Dehghan H, Mahaki B, Hasanzadeh A., Hand grip and pinch strength: Effects of workload, hand dominance, age, and body mass index, Pakistan journal of medical sciences, 2013;29(S1):363-67.

Iranian Journal of Health, Safety and Environment e-ISSN: :2345-5535 Iran university of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran