<ArticleSet>
<Article>
<Journal>
<PublisherName>iJHSE, M.M Jonidi Jafari, Mahdi_Jonidi@yahoo.com</PublisherName>
<JournalTitle>Iranian Journal of Health, Safety and Environment</JournalTitle>
<Issn>2345-3206</Issn>
<Volume>4</Volume>
<Issue>4</Issue>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>07</Month>
<Day>25</Day>
</PubDate>
</Journal>
<ArticleTitle>Extending a Consensus-based Fuzzy Ordered Weighting Average (FOWA) Model in New Water Quality Indices</ArticleTitle>
<FirstPage>824</FirstPage>
<LastPage>834</LastPage>
<AuthorList>
<Author>
<FirstName>Mohammad</FirstName>
<MiddleName>Ali</MiddleName>
<LastName>Baghapour</LastName>
<Affiliation>Research Center for Health Sciences, Institution of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. baghapour@sums.ac.ir</Affiliation>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Mohammad</FirstName>
<MiddleName>Reza</MiddleName>
<LastName>Shooshtarian</LastName>
</Author>
</AuthorList>
<History>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>01</Month>
<Day>16</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>04</Month>
<Day>07</Day>
</PubDate>
</History>
<Abstract>In developing a specific WQI (Water Quality Index), many water quality parameters are involved with different levels of importance. The impact of experts’ different opinions and viewpoints, current risks affecting their opinions, and plurality of the involved parameters double the significance of the issue. Hence, the current study tries to apply a consensus-based FOWA (Fuzzy Ordered Weighting Average) model as one of the most powerful and well-known Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) techniques to determine the importance of the used parameters in the development of such WQIs which is shown with an example. This operator has provided the capability of modeling the risks in decision-making through applying the optimistic degree of stakeholders and their power coupled with the use of fuzzy numbers. Totally, 22 water quality parameters for drinking purposes are considered in this study. To determine the weight of each parameter, the viewpoints of 4 decision-making groups of experts are taken into account. After determining the final weights, to validate the use of each parameter in a potential WQI, consensus degrees of both the decision makers and the parameters are calculated. All calculations are carried out by using the expertise software called Group Fuzzy Decision Making (GFDM). The highest and the lowest weight values, 0.999 and 0.073 respectively, are related to Hg and temperature. Regarding the type of consumption that is drinking, the parameters’ weights and ranks are consistent with their health impacts. Moreover, the decision makers’ highest and lowest consensus degrees were 0.9905 and 0.9669, respectively. Among the water quality parameters, temperature (with consensus degree of 0.9972) and Pb (with consensus degree of 0.9665), received the highest and lowest agreement from the decision making group. This study indicates that the weight of parameters in determining water quality largely depends on the experts’ opinions and approaches. Moreover, using the FOWA model provides results accurate and closer to reality on the significance of each of the water quality parameters. Thus, using this operator can be a precise and appropriate method to determine the parameters’ weights and importance in order to develop specific WQIs for drinking, industrial, and agricultural purposes.</Abstract>
</Article>
</ArticleSet>




Iranian Journal of Health, Safety and Environment e-ISSN: :2345-5535 Iran university of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran